23 Types of Coffee Based on Espresso Explained (Comprehensive Guide)

Types of coffee

Have you ever wondered how many types of coffee are available? Coffee is not just about espresso and the classic morning shot.

There is so much more than a regular espresso, latte and cappuccino.

If you are like me, you usually have your cup of espresso every morning and throughout the day.

In this guide, I will help you digest every type of coffee available that you can start drinking right now.

Many of these are not that easy to make, you can go to a coffee shop or learn from a barista.

Related: Here you have a list of the Best Coffee Shops in America

If you don’t want or have time to learn from a barista, you can then check this coffee brewing guide.

Here is my list of 23 Espresso-based drinks, all done and for you.

23 Espresso-Based Drinks

Thank you Javalush for this amazing infographic

1. Regular Espresso

Espresso
Espresso coffee

Espresso, this is the classic shot. AKA coffee. I know, you have so many options on how to brew the perfect espresso, what coffee bean is good for espresso and so many other questions.

It all comes to preference. Some people prefer to use espresso machines, while others like to brew with an Aeropress.

This shot, right here, is the key for every type of espresso-based drink.

What makes good espresso?

Espresso is easy. Here you have a complete guide on how to brew espresso.

Espresso, in conclusion, means One shot of espresso in a coffee cup. That’s all. Espresso is the most famous type of coffee available.

1 oz is the liquid volume of an espresso shot. That’s what you are looking to get.

Facts about Espresso


2. Doppio

Doppio
Doppio

This coffee aka “the double shot” is an espresso-based drink where you extract using a double coffee filter in the portafilter. Doppio is also a super-popular type of coffee.

You get 2 oz of coffee instead of a 1 oz regular espresso shot.

The most common name for “Doppio” is a standard double shot. That’s how baristas called them, as you know Espresso was born in Italy.

Doppio is Double in Italian, that is where the name originates.

Facts about Doppio


3. Ristretto

Ristretto
Ristretto

Ristretto, what more Italian than this? The Ristretto is known as a short shot of espresso. What is the difference between them?

This coffee type Is made by brewing an average amount of ground coffee, but half the water. Much more strong espresso. It also uses a more fine grind.

Ristretto is a much richer espresso-based type coffee. Much darker than a standard espresso shot.

Facts about Ristretto


4. Lungo

Lungo
Lungo espresso coffee

Lungo, do you know what this means in Italian?

“Long”

The lungo espresso coffee is made by using an espresso machine. The difference is that it uses much more water and that result is, a larger cup of coffee.

Let’s talk numbers.

Regular espresso fills in 18-30 seconds, and this fills around 0.84 oz to 2 oz. Lungo itself takes about 60 seconds or one minute to load. The difference is that you get a 4.3 oz to 5.7 oz, so much more quantity than a standard espresso shot. It’s also a delicious cup of coffee with a lot of crema.

Facts about the “Lungo”


5. Macchiato

Macchiato
Macchiato

Macchiato. I’m sure you’ve heard this one. What a tasty cup of coffee. One of my favorites beside plain regular espresso.

So in short terms, the espresso macchiato is a coffee drink which has a small amount of milk. Not regular milk, it’s foamed.

Long-short story: Espresso with a shot of milk.

You brew a usual espresso and add 1-2 teaspoons of milk, heated to 140-150 °F

That’s all.

Facts about Macchiato


6. Caffè crema or Cafe Crema AKA Cream Coffee

Cafe crema
Caffè crema

In English, it stands for “Cream coffee” there is an interesting fact about this particular one. Back in the 1940s, this was the name for the “regular espresso” the one we drink each day.

This coffee type is famous in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. It’s also widely drunken in Italy.

This type of coffee is not common in the English speaking world, and you might not find in your regular coffee shop. You might want to learn how to brew it by yourself to get it.

I had this one in Berlin, Germany. I liked it.

The Cream Coffee starts with 6.3 oz to 8.4 oz of water. This drink is around 6 to 8 ounce. One specific thing is that it uses a coarser grind; this helps the flow of water and the extraction influence.

Your extraction time will be around 25-30 seconds with a double shot, and you must stop once the shot color becomes blond.

Give it a try and comment below.

Facts about Cream Coffee


7. Café Noisette aka Hazelnut Coffee or Noisette Coffee

French Noisette
Hazelnut Color

This Coffee is a French one. It’s the “Hazelnut” french style. It’s espresso with a small amount of cream or milk.

Why Hazelnut? Because it changes from dark brown to hazelnut color.

It’s a vibrant flavor drink. Just like espresso but with a touch of cream. Can’t be bad. It’s a nice combination.

FYI Video is in french.

Not the best for that morning shot as it has milk so, less strong. But it’s really nice to drink during a brunch or when going out in a nice coffee shop.

So remember…1 shot of espresso + 1.5 half teaspoons of milk or cream

You brew the espresso with your favorite method.

Facts about Café Noisette


8. Cortado

Cortado
Cortado in Spanish

Cortado is the coffee I recommend for people who have problems including acidity. The Cortado is excellent for it’s low-acidity.

This coffee is a classic in Spain. Its name means “cut” in English.

Let’s dive into what “Cortado” coffee is: a single shot espresso with foam. Very similar to the Macchiato and French Noisette.

The secret is that this shot of coffee has a 1/1 ratio so coffee with the same amount of warm milk; the milk in this shot is always steamed but does not has any texture.

A wonderful coffee. I had it multiple times in Colombia while visiting my family. It’s famous all over the Hispanic countries.

Facts about Cafe Cortado or “Cut Coffee”


9. Cappuccino

Cappuccino
Cappuccino

The Cappuccino is by far the most famous types of coffee around. If you like coffee I’m sure you had a cappuccino somewhere.

Cappuccino is a three-layer coffee. The first one is a shot of espresso, then you get steamed milk, and for the finale, you get a layer of super foamy milk. Some people like to add chocolate, Nutella or anything that resembles the power of this delicious cup of coffee.

The Cappuccino is Italians favorite breakfast coffee. I’m more of an espresso girl. But I do enjoy Cappuccino’s, a lot.

You can also add cream instead of milk. I recommend a cinnamon powder for the tops.

Facts about Cafe Cortado or “Cut Coffee”


10. Dry Capuccino

Emma, I like traditional cappuccino, what the hell is “Dry Cappuccino”? Starbucks did a very well-designed illustration that will help you see the difference, visually.

Cappucinos are all about shots of espresso + steamed milk + foamed milk. Right? The Dry Bone Cappucino is a different case. It’s not milk at all — only espresso and milk foam.

Don’t get confused: Dry Cappuccino is: Espresso shots + Less steamed milk + foamed milk

Dry Bone Cappuccino is: Espresso shots + NO steamed milk + foamed milk

Here is a comparison:

Facts about Dry Capucino and Dry Bone Capuccino


11. Americano

Americano
Americano

The Americano Coffee AKA Caffè Americano is a shot I like a lot. It’s just a black coffee.

There is a big miss conception about preparation methods with the Americano and the Long Black variation which is the favorite one by baristas around the world.

Americano you first put espresso at the bottom, and you top it up with hot water.

The Long Black is first you put water, and then you add your double espresso. This procedure allows the crema layer to accommodate better. It does not break down. You keep the flavor of the coffee and the sweetness.

Here is how to prepare a nice shot of Americano

Facts about the Americano


12. Affogato

Affogato is an Italian iced coffee dessert. It’s so delicious and simple. Let’s talk more about this amazing dessert.

Instead of using hot boiling water, you use cold water. Easy, right?

You’ll do the same as you do with your regular espresso, but cold water, please. Then you add a vanilla ice cream on top — pretty lovely combination.

The good thing is that you are getting a low-acid coffee because you’re not using hot water.

In some places, it’s a beverage, and in others, they call it a regular dessert. I like to call it “dessbeverage.”

You will find different variations of this dessert depending on your region.

Let me show you a simple video on how to make it possible:

Facts about Affogato


13. Caffè Breve

Caffee Breve. This type of coffee is not that popular. Indeed it’s an american coffee like the latte, but with a twist. It has one shot of espresso, one part with half milk steamed and mixture of cream instead of 100% milk.

The last bit of this beautiful shot finishes with a nice layer of Milk foam on the top.

Here you have instructions to make one Breve Coffee at home.

Facts about Caffè Breve or Breve Coffee


14. Mocha Breve

Image credits

The Mocha Breve beverage is fantastic. It’s like a standard mocha but with milk and cream instead of 100% milk.

For a cup of Mocha Breve, you would use 2 oz of Espresso, 2 oz of Chocolate and 2 oz of half cream and half milk.

You can drink it hot or even cold.

Facts about Mocha Breve


15. Mocha

Cafe Mocha
Cafe Mocha

Mocha, this is the kind of beverage you can drink hot or even with the right amount of ice. I like it cold depending on the temperature outside.

Originally called caffè mocha or mocaccino, this is a chocolate variant of the latte coffee. It’s called Mocha like the city, right in Yemen.

So what’s special about Mocha?

Mocha is a coffee based on espresso, hot milk, and chocolate flavoring. Let’s don’t forget sugar or any sweetener.

It’s a late or a cappuccino with chocolate on it.

I also like to drink Mocha with chocolate syrup.

Here how you make it:

Facts about Mocha


16. Iced Coffee or “Cafe con Hielo”

Iced coffee. Perfect for summers.

I’m going to talk about what I like to do when brewing an Iced coffee. I want to use two shots of espresso to prevent dilution with ice. I think this is the best way to go about it.

I make a double espresso shot and put the ice in a mixing glass, and that’s it. I get a super creamy coffee, but with ice.

I always add a bit of sugar to my iced coffee after I mix with ice.

How do you do it?

This video is good, he uses a french press.

Facts about Iced Coffee


17. Café Bombón

Café Bombón
Café Bombón

Café Bombón is a favorite Spanish coffee. I discovered it in Valencia, Spain. This coffee has been modified to suit other customers in Asia, for example.

In Thailand, served as “Kafe Ron.”

Now, let’s discuss how this cup of coffee is being made at coffee shops and homes. I think that is what you want to know today. Right?

1/2 espresso + 1/2 condensed milk (sweetened) and that’s it.

The ratio for this cup is 1:1 so the same amount of espresso and condensed milk.

Here a compelling video, showing how to make a cup of Spanish Bombon Coffee.

It’s always nice to serve this in a glass to appreciate the stunning visuals that happen when the milk starts to sink under the coffee. Pretty awesome.

I had this coffee while visiting Madrid. I loved it!

Facts about Café Bombón 


18. Espresso con Panna

Espresso con Panna, this word is “espresso with cream” in Italian.

I know. It’s pretty easy to understand how this shot has taken part of history, but anyways let me explain a little bit further.

There are two ingredients you need to make it happen. Only two.

Espresso, good espresso beans, and Chantilly cream.

Oh, and water.
Right?

So it’s a double espresso shot with a nice layer of Chantilly cream on top. That’s all.

Want a video on how you can brew this at home?

Facts about Espresso con Panna


19. Flat White Coffee

Flat White: Some called a wet cappuccino or a short latte.

It’s a creation from Australia or New Zealand, not sure.

Let me give you some tips to make a nice cup of flat white. American style latte can be milky sometimes.

It uses much less milk than a traditional cappuccino so this means you’ll get more coffee flavor with no foam layer on top.

It will combine all together.

Here a video on how to make it:

Facts about Flat White


20. Black Eye Coffee

I know it, you probably imagine a black eye. The black eye coffee is not your usual cup of joe. I mean this cup is more popular among students who need that extra caffeine shot.

If you have not tolerant to caffeine, please avoid this drink at all costs.

Black eye coffee consists of a combination of espresso and coffee.

You can drink a black eye coffee either hot or iced by adding a double shot of espresso. This name black eye is how you will feel after drinking this. It’s sturdy as hell.

Here a short video on how to prepare it:

Facts about the Black Eye Coffee


21. Latte

Ush, this one is famous. Who didn’t drink a latte? I love lattes.

This Italian drink which means “milk coffee” is just plain awesome.

Let me explain how it works this is a café latte but AKA as the latte. The latter is an espresso-based beverage with milk, not regular milk but steamed milk. Milk adds a layer of foam to the coffee, and you can even ask your barista to draw something beautiful.

This variation of the espresso is sweeter than the average cup of espresso, because of its milk. I like to serve this in a glass instead of a tumbler.

1 oz of espresso goes into the glass, and then you add steamed milk – around 0.3 inches of milk at the top and done.

Here a nice video on how to make the perfect latte

Facts about Latte


22. Galao AKA Galão 

Galao Coffee
Galao Coffee

Galão is a Portuguese coffee that remains me a lot to a regular latte or even a cappuccino. Served in a tall and transparent glass, and it has a lot of milk and sweet on it.

I was in Portugal in 2018, and I can say that this is the most popular coffee around coffee shops there. I liked it a lot for breakfast on those nice beach mornings.

They use 1/4 espresso coffee + 3/4 of steamed milk + sugar or any sweetener you like.

Here is a video on how to make one:

Facts about The Portuguese Galão


23. Double Latte

Double latte
Double latte drink

Double latte is a variation of the ordinary latte beverage.

Just your regular latte but with 2oz of espresso instead of one, this makes a double latte — two shots of espresso, instead of one.

Usually coffee shops here in the US will serve double shots by default. Europe usually does one shot per latte.

Here is how you make one:

Facts about The Double Latte

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